Prevent cholera


14-5-2017  · Cholera kills thousands every year but is treatable if it is caught early. Understanding how El Niño shifts cholera risks in Africa can help countries ...

Cholera is an infectious disease that can cause severe watery diarrhea, dehydration, and death. Read about symptoms, treatment, prevention, vaccines, and outbreaks ...

WHO fact sheet on cholera : includes cholera key facts, definition, symptoms, history, risk factors, prevention, control, treatment, travel and WHO response

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It was a warm, humid evening in the far western corner of Ethiopia butted up against Sudan.   I sat at my computer with dusk approaching when the doctor excitedly interrupted, “We’ve got cholera!”   Tired from long days of work, I knew we had to mobilize immediately due to the seriousness of this disease.  Cholera outbreaks aren’t new but our medical team was.  Fortunately, we were prepared with the supplies and guidelines to respond quickly and appropriately.

Cholera is dramatic.  Death can occur extremely rapidly even in healthy young adults.  Headlines scare us:  200,000 cases with 3000 deaths in post-earthquake Haiti; Cameroon outbreak spreading to Chad and Nigeria; Bangladesh; Angola; Mozambique.  Some places have massive outbreaks and others only a few scattered cases.  It’s a confusing picture of a disease we don’t experience in the developed world.

These symptoms generally develop within a few days of infection, although they can sometimes occur after just a few hours.

Without treatment, the combination of diarrhoea and vomiting can cause a person to quickly become  dehydrated and go into shock (where there's a sudden massive drop in blood pressure). In the most severe cases, cholera can be fatal.

Cholera can spread if food and, in particular, water become contaminated with the stools of an infected person. This is why cholera is most widespread in regions of the world with poor sanitation, such as parts of:

Benjamin Zaitchik receives funding from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, NASA, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Skoll Global Threats Fund.

The Conversation UK receives funding from Hefce, Hefcw, SAGE, SFC, RCUK, The Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, The Royal Society, The Wellcome Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation and The Alliance for Useful Evidence, as well as sixty five university members.

Since it first emerged from the Ganges River delta 200 years ago, cholera has killed tens of millions of people around the world. It causes acute diarrhea that can kill quickly without proper treatment. Before the 1970s it was not unusual for healthy adults to die of dehydration within days of infection, despite drinking large amounts of water.

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14-5-2017  · Cholera kills thousands every year but is treatable if it is caught early. Understanding how El Niño shifts cholera risks in Africa can help countries ...

Cholera is an infectious disease that can cause severe watery diarrhea, dehydration, and death. Read about symptoms, treatment, prevention, vaccines, and outbreaks ...

WHO fact sheet on cholera : includes cholera key facts, definition, symptoms, history, risk factors, prevention, control, treatment, travel and WHO response

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Prevent cholera
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